What is the best shotgun ammo for home defense? Learn the differences between buckshot and birdshot ammunitions and decide which is best for your home’s protection.

Shotgun Ammo | Which Load is Best for Home Defense

The shotgun is one of the most popular firearms for home defense. Of course, we all want something powerful and easy to use when we talk about home protection. With all the crazy things happening everywhere, it is only natural to find a way to defend our family and home. Our family’s safety is something we cannot risk, which is why I’m here to help you today with the ideal shotgun ammo to use. Let’s take a look at the difference between buckshot and birdshot and how it impacts your home defense ammunition.



Buckshot | Shotgun Ammo For Home Defense | Buckshot vs Birdshot
Think of 9 pellets and about 32 or 33-caliber, a buckshot will penetrate multiple walls inside your house just like shooting a 380 automatic or a 9 millimeter. It may not be a problem if you’re living alone or out in the woods. But if you have family members in the house or neighbors close by, penetration will be a serious problem.


Birdshot | Shotgun Ammo For Home Defense | Buckshot vs Birdshot
Birdshot, with its very small BBs, tends to under penetrate. This doesn’t mean they’re ineffective against an unarmed bad guy. Experiments have shown a buckshot and birdshot being virtually equally effective at close range. A 12-gauge shotgun loaded with a number 8 birdshot will absolutely protect you and your family.

Shot Comparison

Shotgun Comparison | Shotgun Ammo For Home Defense | Buckshot vs Birdshot
Two shots were made with a Remington 870 shotgun which is typical for a home defense shotgun nowadays. At 5 yards, which is just across the room, the number 8 birdshot covers a larger area while the buckshot had its bigger pellets spread out a little bit. At these distances, both buckshot and birdshot shotgun shells will be very lethal.


Learn more about the difference between buckshot and birdshot for home defense in this video from fmgpubs:

The experiment clearly showed both shotgun ammunitions would more likely stop any threat you have. However, an important factor to consider is using the birdshot ammo won’t over penetrate and pass through 2 or 3 walls. Compared to using the buckshot ammo with solid 32-caliber, this can easily endanger your family members or even your neighbors. Hopefully, with this information, you can better decide which is a better choice for your shotgun ammo home defense.

What do you think about this buckshot and birdshot comparison for home defense? Share your thoughts in the comments below!


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